Types of Hemorrhoid Surgery
There are many different types of hemorrhoid surgery. Laser hemorrhoid surgery is growing in popularity as a less invasive, less painful alternative to other types of hemorrhoid surgery.
Hemorrhoids are abnormally swollen veins in the rectum and anus. Hemorrhoids can be caused by a number of things, such as straining too hard to have a bowel movement because of constipation or hard stools, childbirth, sitting for long periods of time, or heavy lifting. Symptoms of hemorrhoids include swelling, itching, burning, and pain in the anal area.
There may also be bleeding, particularly with bowel movements. Because rectal bleeding can be a sign of other, more serious conditions, you should see your doctor as soon as possible if you notice blood when you move your bowels.
Hemorrhoids can be external or internal. External hemorrhoids can become strangulated, meaning they are cut off from the blood supply. A blood clot forms and is very painful. It is called a thrombosed hemorrhoid, and these require medical treatment.
There are a number of things you can try to prevent the need for hemorrhoid surgery.
Make sure you get plenty of fiber in your diet. If you don't get enough fiber from the food you eat, try a fiber supplement such as Metamucil. If you are constipated or have hard stools, try a stool softener such as Senokot. These are available over-the-counter at any pharmacy.
Hydrocortisone creams are available to treat external hemorrhoids. These creams will relieve the swelling, itching, and other discomforts of hemorrhoids. They may need to be used for a week or more to be fully effective.
There are also hydrocortisone suppositories that treat internal hemorrhoids. They may need to be used for at least a week as well.
There are also natural products you can try. We'll talk more about those later.
If these methods don't help your hemorrhoids, you may need to see your doctor to discuss laser hemorrhoid surgery and other types of hemorrhoid surgery.
There are several types of hemorrhoid surgery:
In a hemorrhoidectomy, the hemorrhoid is simply cut away. The incision is then stitched up.
There is another surgical procedure called the Procedure for Prolapse and Hemorrhoids (PPH). It is used when hemorrhoids protrude from the anus. A stapler-like device is used to replace them inside the anus and to cut off their blood supply.
Both of these types of hemorrhoid surgery can be painful during recovery with the risk of infections. With a hemorrhoidectomy, there is a risk of the sutures breaking during a bowel movement. With PPH, there is a rare chance of damage to the internal anal sphincter, which would result in difficult controlling the bowels.
Hemorrhoid laser surgery is a popular choice these days. Lasers are used to burn away hemorrhoids. Several treatments may be necessary, but this is a less invasive and less painful procedure than the surgeries discussed above. The risk of infection is much less with hemorrhoid laser surgery than with other types of hemorrhoid surgery, as well. The problem with laser surgery is that hemorrhoids will often return, requiring more treatment in the future.
If other treatment methods don't work, see your doctor to find out if you need hemorrhoid surgery. Discuss the different types of hemorrhoid surgery available, including laser hemorrhoid surgery.
See your doctor right away if you have blood in your stool, as this could be the sign of a more serious condition.
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